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Last Updated September 8, 2022

Program Overview


Financial Incentive



Incentive Type:

Loan Program


U.S. Department of Energy

Start Date:


Expiration Date:


Web Site:

Applicable Sectors:


Eligible Renewable/Other Technologies:



Note: The Inflation Reduction Act (H.R. 5376) made several changes to this program. It appropriated approximately $11.7 billion in total for the Loan Programs Office (LPO) to support issuing new loans. This, in turn, increased the loan authority in LPO’s existing loan programs by approximately $100 billion. The Inflation Reduction Act also adds a new loan program, the Energy Infrastructure Reinvestment (EIR) Program (section 1706), to help retool, repower, repurpose, or replace energy infrastructure that has ceased operations or to improve the efficiency of infrastructure that is currently operating. 

Title 17 Program

Section 1703 of Title 17 of the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 2005 created the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Loan Guarantee Program. The program was reauthorized and revised by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 by adding Section 1705 to EPAct. The 1705 Program was retired in September 2011, and Loan Guarantees are no longer available under that authority. DOE, however, still has authority to issue Loan Guarantees under the old Section 1703 Program.  

Under Section 1703, DOE is authorized to issue loan guarantees for projects with high technology risks that "avoid, reduce or sequester air pollutants or anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases; and employ new or significantly improved technologies as compared to commercial technologies in service in the United States at the time the guarantee is issued." Loan guarantees are intended to encourage early commercial use of new or significantly improved technologies in energy projects. The loan guarantee program generally does not support research and development projects.

The Inflation Reduction Act added an additional $40 billion of loan authority to Section 1703 program. The legislation appropriated $3.6 billion in credit subsidy to support the cost of those loans and set aside a percentage of these amounts for administrative expenses to help carry out the program, including monitoring and originating new loans. This new loan authority is open to all currently eligible Title 17 Innovative Clean Energy technology categories, including fossil energy and nuclear energy. The Inflation Reduction Act appropriations also support the expanded activities authorized by the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law that required these new appropriations to go into effect. These expanded activities support projects involving critical minerals processing, manufacturing, and recycling, and removing the innovation requirement for State Energy Financing Institution-backed projects. Click here for more information about how a project that reduces greenhouse gas emissions can be eligible without meeting the innovative technology requirement if the project receives support from a State Energy Financing Institution . 

Energy Infrastructure Reinvestment (EIR) Program (Section 1706)

The Inflation Reduction Act also created a new program under Title 17, the Energy Infrastructure Reinvestment (EIR) Program. The new program targets projects that retool, repower, repurpose, or replace energy infrastructure that has ceased operations, or enable operating energy infrastructure to avoid, reduce, utilize, or sequester air pollutants or anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases. The Inflation Reduction Act appropriated $5 billion through September 30, 2026, to carry out EIR, with a total cap on loans of up to $250 billion. 

Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program

LPO initially had $15.1 billion in loan authority to support the manufacture of eligible light-duty vehicles and qualifying components under the Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program (ATVM), authorized by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007.  To date, the program has loaned $8 billion for projects that have supported the production of more than 4 million advanced technology vehicles. Read more about LPO's ATVM portfolio. The Inflation Reduction Act removed the $25 billion cap on the total amount of loans it can award and appropriated $3 billion to remain available through September 30, 2028 for the costs of direct loans under ATVM. In addition to amounts supported by currently appropriated credit subsidy, this $3 billion is estimated to provide for an additional ~$40 billion in loan authority for a total estimated available loan authority under ATVM of ~$55.1 billion. 

Tribal Energy Projects

The Tribal Energy Loan Guarantee Program (TELGP) supports tribal investment in energy-related projects by providing direct loans or partial loan guarantees to federally recognized tribe, including Alaska Native village or regional or village corporations; or a Tribal Energy Development Organization (TEDO) that is wholly or substantially owned by a federally recognized tribe federally recognized Indian tribe or Alaska Native Corporation. Under this solicitation, The Inflation Reduction Act increased the aggregate amount of loans available at any time under the Tribal Energy Loan Guarantee Program (TELGP) from $2 billion to $20 billion. It also provided $75 million to remain available through September 30, 2028 to carry out TELGP under section 2602(c) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992.